To fully appreciate the access to vaccines and understand the importance of infection control as we know it today, we need to take a trip back in time, to 1861, when Louis Pasteur published his germ theory, which proved that bacteria caused diseases. Pasteur's work was then expanded upon by Robert Koch, who began to isolate the specific bacteria that caused certain diseases, such as TB and cholera. Before the development of the germ theory, people did not understand the need for hygiene and sterilization. Illnesses spread, unintentionally, through contamination.
It’s easy enough to determine the potential exposure in a healthcare or laboratory setting. While it’s unlikely that exposure to blood occurs regularly in a non-healthcare setting, there is still a potential for occupational exposure to bloodborne pathogens.
We all know how devastating hurricanes can be for a city. Flooding destroys homes and businesses, leaving people without jobs and places to live for days, even months, at a time. One of the most recent hurricanes, Hurricane Harvey, may cause more issues than structural damage to the people of Houston, Texas.
According to a new CDC report published in the Journal of Medical Entomology on September 21, 2017, more than 75 percent of the United States is at risk of an outbreak of mosquito-borne diseases.